Book Grading:

Below are the explanations for the book gradings we use in all our listings. A grade is given to both the book and the dust jacket where one is present. The format is 'Book Condition/Dust Jacket Condition' (e.g. Fine/Fine)

VERY FINE (VF): An excellent copy almost like new. Unread, but may have some very minor signs of ageing or handling. Many of the books offered as 'new' in the high street would not meet this standard. Any minor defects will be noted.

FINE (F): An very nice copy which may have some very minor shipping, shelving or storage defects to the dust jacket in form of rubs or scratches. The book possibly having very slight bumps to the boards. Any defects present will be noted.

VERY GOOD (VG): A lightly used or lightly read book showing some signs of wear on either the binding or the dust jacket. The dust jacket may be price clipped and the book may have bumps to the corners. All defects present will be noted.

We do not offer any books with a rating below very good despite several such ratings exist. We want our customers to be able to choose books from us with complete confidence in the quality of the book they order. We never sell any ex-library or book club editions, no matter how rare they may be.


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